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About the PA | Member Index Who is Erlendur Haraldsson?
 

Erlendur HaraldssonErlendur Haraldsson is a professor of psychology at the University of Iceland.  Studied philosophy at the universities of Iceland, Edinburg and Freiburg 1955-58. Writer and journalist 1959-63.  Studied psychology at the University of Freiburg and University of Munich where he obtained the Dipl. Psych. in 1969. Research fellow at the Institute of Parapsychology in Durham, N. C. 1969-70, internship in clinical psychology at the Department of Psychiatry, University of Virginia in Charlottesville 1970-71. Ph.D. in psychology from the University of Freiburg in 1972.  Research associate at the American Society for Psychical Research 1972-74. After that in the Department of Psychology at the University of Iceland. Visiting professor at the University of Virginia, 1982-83, and at the Institut für Grenzgebiete der Psychologie  und Psychohygiene in Freiburg 1993-95. Dr. Haraldsson has published numerous scientific articles and book chapters, and is the author of four books, two of which have appeared in English, At the Hour of Death (with Karlis Osis) and Miracles Are My Visiting Cards (US edition Modern Miracles).  

Dr. Haraldsson has provided a large collection of photographs, mostly dating from the 1970s. Also includes rare photos from the 19th century. See Haraldsson Photo Archive

SELECTED BIBLIOGRAPHY
 
Spontaneous psychic phenomena and folk-beliefs: National surveys and national differences
 
Erlendur Haraldsson (1985). Representative national surveys of psychic phenomena: Iceland, Great Britain, Sweden, USA and Gallups multinational survey. Journal of the Society for Psychical Research, 53, 145-158.

Erlendur Haraldsson and Joop M. Houtkooper (1991). Psychic Experiences in the Multinational Human Values Study. Journal of the American Society for Psychical Research. 85(2), 145-165.

Erlendur Haraldsson & Joop Houtkooper (1996).  Traditional Christian beliefs, spiritualism and the paranormal: An Icelandic-American Comparison.  International Journal for the Psychology of Religion., 6(1), 51-64.

Apparitions of the dead, deathbed-visions and hallucinatory experiences 
Karlis Osis & Erlendur Haraldsson  (1997). At the Hour of Death. (Third Edition). Norwalk, CT: Hastings House

Erlendur Haraldsson (1987). The Iyengar-Kirti case. An apparitional case of the by-stander type. Journal of the Society for Psychical Research, 54, 64-67.

Erlendur Haraldsson (1988-89). Survey of claimed encounters with the dead. Omega, the Journal of Death and Dying, 19(2), 103-113.

Children who speak of memories of a previous life, case studies and psychological characteristics  
Erlendur Haraldsson (1991).  Children claiming past-life memories:  Four cases in Sri Lanka.  Journal of Scientific Exploration, 5(2), 233-262.

Erlendur Haraldsson. (1997). Psychological comparison between ordinary children and those who claim previous-life memories. Journal of  Scientific Exploration, 11, 323-335.

Erlendur Haraldsson and Godwin Samararatne (1999).  Children who speak of memories of a previous life as a Buddhist monk: Three new cases. Journal of the Society for Psychical Research, 63(857), 268-291.

Erlendur Haraldsson (2000). Birthmarks and claims of previous life memories I.  The case of Purnima Ekanayake. Journal of the Society for Psychical Research, 64(858), 16-25.

Erlendur Haraldsson (2000). Birthmarks and claims of previous life memories II.  The case of Chatura Karunaratne. Journal of the Society for Psychical Research. 64 (859), 82-92.

Erlendur Haraldsson, Patrick Fowler & Vimala  Periyannanpillai (2000).  Psychological Characteristics of Children Who Speak of a Previous Life: A Further Field Study in Sri Lanka Transcultural Psychiatry, 37, 525-544.

Erlendur Haraldsson and Majd Abu-Izzeddin (2002). Development of Certainty about the Correct Deceased Person in a Case of the Reincarnation Type: The Case of Nazih Al-Danaf. Journal of Scientific Exploration. 16(3), 363-380.

Erlendur Haraldsson (in press). Children who speak of past-life experiences: Is there a psychological explanation? Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory Research and Practice.

Mediums and mediumship
Erlendur Haraldsson and Ian Stevenson (1974). An experiment with the Icelandic medium Hafsteinn Björnsson. Journal of the American Society for Psychical Research, 68, 192-202.

Erlendur Haraldsson and Ian Stevenson (1975). A communicator of the "drop in" type in Iceland: The case of Runolfur Runolfsson. Journal of the American Society for Psychical Research, 69, 33-59.

Erlendur Haraldsson and Ian Stevenson (1975). A communicator of the "drop in" type in Iceland: The case of Gudni Magnusson. Journal of the American Society for Psychical Research, 69, 245-261.

Erlendur Haraldsson, J.G. Pratt and Magnus Kristjansson (1978). Further experiments with the Icelandic medium Hafsteinn Bjornsson. Journal of the American Society for Psychical Research, 72, 339-347.

Loftur R. Gissurarson and Erlendur Haraldsson (1989). The Icelandic Physical Medium Indridi Indridason. Proceedings of the Society for Psychical Research, 57, 53-148.

Psychic healing
Erlendur Haraldsson and Orn Olafsson (1980). A survey of psychic healing in Iceland. The Christian Parapsychologist, 3, 276-79.

Erlendur Haraldsson (1994).  Research on alternative therapies in Iceland.  In H. Johannessen, L. Launsö, S. G. Olesen & F. Staugård (Eds.), Studies in alternative therapy 1 (pp. 46-50) Gylling, Denmark: Odense University Press.

Erlendur Haraldsson. (1994).   Spiritual  healing in Iceland - results of a survey.  In H. Johannessen, L. Launsö, S. G. Olesen & F. Staugård (Eds.), Studies in alternative therapy 1 (pp. 103-113) Gylling, Denmark: Odense University Press.

Indian miraclemakers; Sai Baba and others 
Erlendur Haraldsson and Karlis Osis (1977). The appearance and disappearance of objects in the presence of Sri Sathya Sai Baba. Journal of the American Society for Psychical Research, 71, 33-43.

Erlendur Haraldsson (1988). Modern Miracles. An investigative report on psychic phenomena associated with Sri Sathya Sai Baba. New York: Ballantine Books, 304 pp. (USA edition of "Miracles are my visiting cards".)

Erlendur Haraldsson & Joop M. Houtkooper (1994).  Report of an Indian swami claiming to materialize objects:  The value and limitations of field observations.  Journal of  Scientific Exploration, 8(3), 381-397.

Wiseman, R. & Haraldsson E. (1995)  Investigating Macro-PK in India: Swami Premananda. Journal of the Society for Psychical Research, 60(839) 193-202. 

Erlendur Haraldsson & Richard Wiseman (1995).  Reactions to and assessment of a videotape on Sathya Sai Baba.  Journal of the Society for Psychical Research 60(839) 203-213.

Erlendur Haraldsson & Richard Wiseman (1996). Two investigations of ostensible macro-PK in India.  Journal of the Society for Psychical Research, 61(843) 109-113. 

Perceptual defensiveness and extrasensory perception 
Erlendur Haraldsson (1978). ESP and the Defense Mechanism Test (DMT). A further validation. European Journal of Parapsychology, 2, 104-114.

Martin Johnson and Erlendur Haraldsson (1984). The Defence Mechanism Test as a predictor of ESP scores. Journal of Parapsychology. 48, 185-200.

Erlendur Haraldsson, Joop M. Houtkooper and Claudia Hoeltje (1987). The Defense Mechanism Test as a predictor of ESP performance. Icelandic study VII and meta-analysis of thirteen experiments. Journal of Parapsychology, 51, 75-90.

Erlendur Haraldsson & Joop Houtkooper (1995).  Meta-analysis of ten experiments on perceptual defensiverrness and ESP: ESP scoring patterns, experimenter and decline effects.. Journal of Parapsychology, 59(3) 251-271.

Erlendur Haraldsson, Joop M. Houtkooper, Rainer Schneider and Martin Bäckström (2002).  Perceptual  Defensiveness  and ESP Performance:Reconstructed  DMT-Ratings  and Psychological  Correlates  in the  First  German  DMT-ESP  Experiment. Journal of Parapsychology. 66(3), 249-270

Psychological characteristics of belief/disbelief in psi and psi-performance
Michael A. Thalbourne and Erlendur Haraldsson (1980). Personality characteristics of sheep and goats. Personality and individual differences, 1, 180-185.

Erlendur Haraldsson (1981). Some determinants of belief in psychical phenomena. Journal of the American Society for Psychical Research, 75, 297-309.

Erlendur Haraldsson and Joop M. Houtkooper (1992).  The effects of perceptual defensiveness, personality and belief on extrasensory perception tasks.  Personality and individual differences, 13(10), 1085-1096.

Erlendur Haraldsson (1993).  Are religiosity and belief in an afterlife better predictors of ESP performance than belief in psychic phenomena?   Journal of Parapsychology. 57, 259-273.

Further experiments
Erlendur Haraldsson (1970). Subject selection in a machine precognition test. Journal of Parapsychology, 34, 182-191. 

Erlendur Haraldsson (1980). Confirmation of the percipient-order effect in a plethysmographic study of ESP. Journal of Parapsychology, 44, 105-124.

Erlendur Haraldsson and Loftur Reimar Gissurarson (1985). Perceptual defensivenes, ganzfeld and the percipient-order effect. European Journal of Parapsychology, 6, 1-17. 

Further details and full bibliography on my personal website

 
 

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